Efectos de la inversión extranjera directa y el desarrollo financiero en las emisiones de CO2 a nivel global y por grupos de países

Autores/as

  • Jessica Armijos Carrera de Economía, Universidad Nacional de Loja, Loja, Ecuador
  • Elizabeth Lozano Carrera de Economía, Universidad Nacional de Loja, Loja, Ecuador

Resumen

Este artículo tiene como objetivo verificar los efectos de la inversión extranjera directa yel desarrollo financiero en las emisiones de dióxido de carbono a nivel mundial mediantetécnicas de cointegración. Usamos datos del World Development Indicators (2017), en elperiodo 1970-2016. Usando pruebas de cointegración de Pedroni (1999) y Westerlund(2007) encontramos la existencia de equilibrio a corto y largo plazo entre las tres variablesa nivel mundial y por grupos de países. La fuerza del vector de cointegración es promedioen el total de los grupos de ingresos de los países. Las pruebas de Dumitrescu y Hurlin(2012) muestran que existen relaciones causales unidireccionales en los países de altosingresos, países de ingresos medios altos y países de ingresos bajos entre las emisionesde gases contaminantes per cápita y la inversión extranjera directa. La aplicación de políticaderivada de la investigación se basa en que los países con mayores ingresos debencontribuir significativamente a la reducción de las emisiones de dióxido de carbono con unaumento en las inversiones extranjeras directas y el desarrollo financiero.

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2021-12-06

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ARTÍCULOS DE INVESTIGACIÓN