El papel del consumo de energías renovables sobre los gases de efecto invernadero a nivel global: Análisis econométrico de datos de panel

Autores/as

  • Leidy Caraguay Carrera de Economía, Universidad Nacional de Loja, Loja, Ecuador
  • Michelle López-Sánchez Carrera de Economía, Universidad Nacional de Loja, Loja, Ecuador

Resumen

El objetivo de este documento es analizar el impacto del consumo de energías renovablessobre los gases de efecto invernadero a nivel global durante el periodo 1990 – 2015. Paracomprobar dicha relación utilizamos la metodología de datos de panel y técnicas de cointegración.Los resultados confirman que el consumo de energía y las emisiones de gasesde efecto invernadero tienen una relación de equilibrio tanto en el corto como en el largoplazo, existiendo una relación negativa y significativa entre ambas variables, es decir, amayor consumo de energía los gases de efecto invernadero tienden a disminuir exceptuandolos países de ingresos extremadamente altos. Una implicación de política derivadade esta investigación es implementar políticas para reducir las emisiones de GEI, reemplazandolas fuentes de energía fósil con fuentes de energía renovable e incentivar al sectorpúblico y privado a invertir en la utilización de este tipo de energías limpias.

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Publicado

2021-12-06

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ARTÍCULOS DE INVESTIGACIÓN