Examinando la demanda de plásticos durante la pandemia: Un enfoque factorial

Autores/as

  • Josué Ochoa-Cabrera Carrera de Economía, Universidad Nacional de Loja, Loja, Ecuador
  • Pablo Ponce Universidad de Loja

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54753/rve.v11i1.1536

Palabras clave:

Demanda de plástico. COVID-19, Conciencia ambiental, Teoría del comportamiento planificado (TPB), Ecuaciones estructurales de mininos cuadrados parciales (PLS-SEM)

Resumen

En el Ecuador se registró, durante los primeros meses de pandemia por la enfermedad del coronavirus (COVID-19), un incremento de residuos sólidos, de los cuales, gran parte pertenecen a residuos plásticos. Por lo tanto, este estudio examina la relación del COVID-19 y el consumo de plásticos en los hogares de la ciudad de Loja durante la pandemia, a través de un análisis estadístico con ecuaciones estructurales de mininos cuadrados parciales (PLS-SEM; por sus siglas en ingles), tomando en consideración la teoría del comportamiento planificado (TPB; por sus siglas en ingles). Los resultados nos demuestran que la conciencia ambiental y el COVID-19 inciden y son significativos sobre la demanda de plásticos de los hogares de la ciudad de Loja, mientras que, la variable normas sociales no demuestra tener incidencia ni ser significativa. Por lo tanto, si durante la pandemia se proponían políticas restrictivas menos estrictas, se incentivaba al uso de equipo de protección personal reutilizable y se promovían campañas que motiven a desarrollar una mejor conciencia ambiental, se hubieran reducido la demanda de plásticos en la ciudad de Loja.

Métricas

Cargando métricas ...

Citas

Ajzen, I. (1985). From intentions to actions: A theory of Planned Behavior. In J.Kuhl y J.Beckmann (Eds), Action Control: From cognition to behavior (pp. 11-38). Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Ajzen, I. (1988). Attitudes, personality and behavior. Milton Keynes: Open University Press.

Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational behavior and human decision processes 50, 179-211.

Ajzen, I., y Fishbein, M. (1980). Understanding attitudes and predicting social behavior. Englewood-Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Ali, F., Rasoolimanesh, M, Sarstedt, M., Ringle, M., Ryu, K., 2018. An assessment of the use of partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) in hospitality research. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management 30 (1), 230-247

Brooks, S. K., Webster, R. K., Smith, L. E., Woodland, L., Wessely, S., Greenberg, N., & Rubin, G. J. (2020). El impacto psicológico de la cuarentena y cómo reducirla: revisión rápida de las pruebas. Lancet, 395, 912-920.

Carmines, E. G., & Zeller, R. A. (1979). Reliability and validity assessment. Sage publications.

CEPAL, N. (2021). Economía circular en América Latina y el Caribe: oportunidad para una recuperación transformadora.

Chi, N. T. K. (2021). Understanding the effects of eco-label, eco-brand, and social media on green consumption intention in ecotourism destinations. Journal of Cleaner Production, 321, 128995.

Chi, N. T. K. (2022). Ethical consumption behavior towards eco-friendly plastic products: Implication for cleaner production. Cleaner and Responsible Consumption, 5, 100055. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clrc.2022.100055

Chin, W. W. (1998). The partial least squares approach to structural equation modeling. Modern methods for business research, 295(2), 295-336.

Clark, J. M. (1918). Economics and modern psychology: II. Journal of Political Economy, 26(2), 136-166.

Correa-Quezada, Ronny y Viñán-Merecí, Christian y García-Vélez, Diego. (2020). IMPACTOS DEL COVID-19 Y LA SITUACIÓN DE DISTANCIAMIENTO SOCIAL EN LA ECONOMÍA DE LOJA. 10.13140/RG.2.2.22922.00964.

Dharmaraj, S., Ashokkumar, V., Chew, K. W., Chia, S. R., Show, P. L., y Ngamcharussrivichai, C. (2021). Novel strategy in biohydrogen energy production from COVID-19 plastic waste: A critical review. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy.

Diamantopoulos, A., & Siguaw, J. A. (2006). Formative versus reflective indicators in organizational measure development: A comparison and empirical illustration. British journal of management, 17(4), 263-282.

Drury, J., Carter, H., Ntontis, E., y Guven, S. T. (2021). Public behaviour in response to the COVID-19 pandemic: understanding the role of group processes. BJPsych open, 7(1).

Frère, L., Maignien, L., Chalopin, M., Huvet, A., Rinnert, E., Morrison, H., ... & Paul-Pont, I. (2018). Microplastic bacterial communities in the Bay of Brest: Influence of polymer type and size. Environmental pollution, 242, 614-625.

Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error: Algebra and statistics.

Ghebreyesus, T. A. (2020). Addressing mental health needs: an integral part of COVID‐19 response. World psychiatry, 19(2), 129.

Gobernación de Loja. (2021). COVID-19 Provincia de Loja. Arcgis.com. https://covid-19-loja-smartland.hub.arcgis.com/

Gómez, A., y Brunner, J. J. (1965). Derecho constitucional. Universidad la Gran Colombia.

Govindan, K., Zhuang, Y., & Chen, G. (2022). Analysis of factors influencing residents’ waste sorting behavior: A case study of Shanghai. Journal of Cleaner Production, 349, 131126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.131126

Greenpeace. (2018). Datos sobre la producción de plásticos. Greenpeace España. https://es.greenpeace.org/es/trabajamos-en/consumismo/plasticos/datos-sobre-la-produccion-de-plasticos/

Hair, J. F., Hult, G. T. M., Ringle, C. M., Sarstedt, M., (2017). A primer on partial least squares structural equation modeling (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Henseler, J., Dijkstra, T. K., Sarstedt, M., Ringle, C. M., Diamantopoulos, A., Straub, D. W., Ketchen, D. J., Hair, J. F., Hult, G. T. M., y Calantone, R. J. 2014. Common Beliefs and Reality about Partial Least Squares: Comments on Rönkkö y Evermann (2013), Organizational Research Methods, 17(2): 182-209.

Hodbod, A., Hommes, C., Huber, SJ y Salle, I. (2021). El cambio de juego del consumo de COVID-19: Evidencia de una encuesta multinacional a gran escala. Revista Económica Europea, 140, 103953.

Hu, L.-t., y Bentler, P. M. (1998). Fit Indices in Covariance Structure Modeling: Sensitivity to Underparameterized Model Misspecification, Psychological Methods, 3(4): 424-453.

Inamdar, I. (2022). Recycling of plastic wastes generated from COVID-19: A comprehensive illustration of type and properties of plastics with remedial options. Science of The Total Environment, 155895.

Instituto Nacional de Encuestas y Censos. (2019). Proyecciones Poblacionales. Instituto Nacional de Estadística Y Censos. https://www.ecuadorencifras.gob.ec/proyecciones-poblacionales/

Instituto Nacional de Encuestas y Censos. (2020). GAD-Municipales. Instituto Nacional de Estadística Y Censos. https://www.ecuadorencifras.gob.ec/gad-municipales/

Khera, R., Liu, Y., de Lemos, J. A., Das, S. R., Pandey, A., Omar, W., Kumbhani, D. J., Girotra, S., Yeh, R. W., Rutan, C., Walchok, J., Lin, Z., Bradley, S. M., Velazquez, E. J., Churchwell, K. B., Nallamothu, B. K., Krumholz, H. M., y Curtis, J. P. (2021). Association of COVID-19 Hospitalization Volume and Case Growth at US Hospitals with Patient Outcomes. The American Journal of Medicine, 134(11), 1380-1388.e3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2021.06.034

Kushwah, S., Dhir, A., y Sagar, M. (2019). Ethical consumption intentions and choice behavior towards organic food. Moderation role of buying and environmental concerns. Journal of Cleaner Production, 236, 117519.

Leal Filho, W., Salvia, A. L., Minhas, A., Paço, A., y Dias-Ferreira, C. (2021). The COVID-19 pandemic and single-use plastic waste in households: A preliminary study. Science of The Total Environment, 148571.

Lefcourt, H. M. (1982). Locus of control: Current trends in theory and research (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Levenson, H. (1981). Differentiating among internality, powerful others, and chance. In H. M. Lefcourt (Ed.), Research with the locus of control construct: Vol. 1. Assessment methods (pp. 15-63). New York: Academic Press.

Li, J. X., Gong, X., 2013. Determinants of consumer environment boycott behavior: Based on the theory of planned behavior doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.807-809.923

Marzoli, F., Bortolami, A., Pezzuto, A., Mazzetto, E., Piro, R., Terregino, C., ... & Belluco, S. (2021). A systematic review of human coronaviruses survival on environmental surfaces. Science of The Total Environment, 778, 146191.

Mi, L., Zhao, J., Xu, T., Yang, H., Lv, T., Shang, K., y Zhang, Z. (2021). How does COVID-19 emergency cognition influence public pro-environmental behavioral intentions? An affective event perspective. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 168, 105467.

Moshood, T. D., Nawanir, G., Mahmud, F., Mohamad, F., Ahmad, M. H., y AbdulGhani, A. (2022). Why do consumers purchase biodegradable plastic? The impact of hedonics and environmental motivations on switching intention from synthetic to biodegradable plastic among the young consumers. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 64, 102807.

Munerah, S., Koay, K. Y., y Thambiah, S. (2021). Factors influencing non-green consumers’ purchase intention: A partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) approach. Journal of Cleaner Production, 280, 124192.

Ngoh, C., y Groening, C. (2022). The effect of COVID-19 on consumers’ channel shopping behaviors: A segmentation study. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 68, 103065. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jretconser.2022.103065

Noorimotlagh, Z., Mirzaee, S. A., Jaafarzadeh, N., Maleki, M., Kalvandi, G., & Karami, C. (2021). A systematic review of emerging human coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) outbreak: focus on disinfection methods, environmental survival, and control and prevention strategies. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 28(1), 1-15.

Nunnally, J. C. (1978). An overview of psychological measurement. Clinical diagnosis of mental disorders, 97-146.

Organización de las Naciones Unidas. (2021). El uso exagerado del plástico durante la pandemia de COVID-19 afecta a los más vulnerables. Noticias ONU. https://news.un.org/es/story/2021/03/1490302

Organización de las Naciones Unidas. (2020). Consumo y producción sostenibles - Desarrollo Sostenible. Desarrollo Sostenible. https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/es/sustainable-consumption-production/

Organización de las Naciones Unidas. (2018). O nos divorciamos del plástico, o nos olvidamos del planeta. Noticias ONU. https://news.un.org/es/story/2018/06/1435111

Parashar, N., y Hait, S. (2021). Plastics in the time of COVID-19 pandemic: Protector or polluter? Science of the Total Environment, 759, 144274.

Pareto, V., Montesano, A., y Zanni, A. (1906). Manual of political economy: A critical and variorum translation edition. Economic equilibrium, 173-190.

Pigou, A. C., y Aslanbeigui, N. (2002). The economics of welfare. Routledge.

Prata, D. N., Rodrigues, W., & Bermejo, P. H. (2020). Temperature significantly changes COVID-19 transmission in (sub) tropical cities of Brazil. Science of the Total Environment, 729, 138862.

Raimondo, M., Hamam, M., D'Amico, M. y Caracciolo, F. (2022). Comportamiento libre de plástico de los millennials: una aplicación de la teoría del comportamiento planificado en las elecciones de bebida. Gestión de residuos, 138, 253-261.

Razali, F., Daud, D., Weng-Wai, C., y Jiram, W. R. A. (2020). Waste separation at source behaviour among Malaysian households: The Theory of Planned Behaviour with moral norm. Journal of Cleaner Production, 271, 122025.

Ringle, Christian M., Wende, Sven, y Becker, Jan-Michael. (2015). SmartPLS 3. Boenningstedt: SmartPLS. Retrieved from https://www.smartpls.com

Riofrío, A. G. (2020). Habilidades gerenciales y nivel de ventas en los microempresarios que ofrecen delivery ante la pandemia del COVID-19, Piura, 2020.

Roy, P., Kumar, M., y Khan, K. (2021). Plastic analysis of initially deformed thin-walled pressurized 30∘ to 180∘ pipe bends under in-plane opening bending moment. International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, 192, 104415. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpvp.2021.104415

Sawang, S., Kivits, R. A., 2014. Greener workplace: Understanding senior management's adoption decisions through the theory of planned behaviour. Australasian Journal of Environmental Management 21(1), 22-36. doi:10.1080/14486563.2013.848418

Shams, M., Alam, I., y Mahbub, M. S. (2021). Plastic pollution during COVID-19: Plastic waste directives and its long-term impact on the environment. Environmental Advances, 5, 100119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envadv.2021.100119

Sharma, H. B., Vanapalli, K. R., Cheela, V. S., Ranjan, V. P., Jaglan, A. K., Dubey, B., ... y Bhattacharya, J. (2020). Challenges, opportunities, and innovations for effective solid waste management during and post COVID-19 pandemic. Resources, conservation and recycling, 162, 105052.

Sherman, S. J., y Fazio, R. H. (1983). Parallels between attitudes and traits as predictors of behavior. Journal of Personality, 51, 308-345.

Sheth, J. (2020). Impact of Covid-19 on consumer behavior: Will the old habits return or die? Journal of Business Research, 117, 280–283. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2020.05.059

Shigemura, J., Ursano, R. J., Morganstein, J. C., Kurosawa, M., y Benedek, D. M. (2020). Public responses to the novel 2019 coronavirus (2019‐nCoV) in Japan: Mental health consequences and target populations. Psychiatry and clinical neurosciences, 74(4), 281.

Silva, ALP, Prata, JC, Walker, TR, Duarte, AC, Ouyang, W., Barcelò, D., y Rocha-Santos, T. (2021). Aumento de la contaminación plástica debido a la pandemia de COVID-19: Desafíos y recomendaciones. Revista de ingeniería química, 405, 126683.

Simon, H. A. (1957). Models of man: social and rational; mathematical essays on rational human behavior in society setting. New York: Wiley.

Sit, K. J., Ballantyne, E. E. F., y Gorst, J. (2022). Profiling shoppers’ coping behaviours during a pandemic crisis: A regulatory focus perspective. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 64, 102811. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jretconser.2021.102811

Thaler, R. H. (2018). Economía del comportamiento: pasado, presente y futuro (Behavioral Economics: Past, Present, and Future). Revista de Economía Institucional, 20(38).

Tversky, A. y Kahneman, D. (1981). The framing of decisons and the psychology of choice. Science, 211(4481), 453-458. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.7455683

Tversky, A., y Kahneman, D. (1974). Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases: Biases in judgments reveal some heuristics of thinking under uncertainty. science, 185(4157), 1124-1131.

Tversky, A., y Kahneman, D., (1979). On the interpretation of intuitive probability: A reply to Jonathan Cohen.

Wallston, K. A., y Wallston, B. S. (1981). Health locus of control scales. In H. M. Lefcourt (Ed.), Research with the locus of control construct: Vol. 1. Assessment methods (pp. 189-243). New York: Academic Press.

Descargas

Publicado

2023-01-07

Cómo citar

Ochoa-Cabrera, J. ., & Ponce , P. . (2023). Examinando la demanda de plásticos durante la pandemia: Un enfoque factorial. Revista Económica, 11(1), 104–117. https://doi.org/10.54753/rve.v11i1.1536

Número

Sección

ARTÍCULOS DE INVESTIGACIÓN