Consumo de los hogares y contaminación ambiental a nivel regional: análisis de cointegración con datos de panel periodo 1985-2016

Autores/as

  • Lethy Minga Carrera de Economía, Universidad Nacional de Loja, Loja, Ecuador
  • Jessica Guamán Carrera de Economía, Universidad Nacional de Loja, Loja, Ecuador
  • Wilfrido Torres-Ontaneda Carrera de Economía, Universidad Nacional de Loja, Loja, Ecuador

Resumen

La contaminación sin duda es un fenómeno mundial, que ha causado estragos negativos en el ambiente;además, la demanda de los recursos limitados se va incrementado con el paso del tiempo. En este sentido,el objetivo de la presente investigación es analizar la relación que tienen el consumo de los hogares y lacontaminación ambiental. Utilizando datos del World Development Indicators (2010) para 101 países delmundo, durante el periodo 1985-2016. Los países fueron clasificados por regiones de acuerdo al BancoMundial. Se utilizaron técnicas de: cointegración de Pedroni (1999); corrección de error de Westerlund(2007); y causalidad Dumitrescu y Hurlin (2012) para evaluar la relación entre las variables. Con el fin devalorar la fuerza del vector de cointegración de corto y largo plazo, se aplicó el método deMínimos CuadradosOrdinarios de Panel Dinámico para los países en forma individual y el modelo de Mínimos CuadradosOrdinarios Dinámicos para los grupos de países. Se encontró evidencia empírica con respecto a las emisionesde CO2 y al consumo de los hogares en diferentes ámbitos el cual establece una relación a corto ya largo plazo. Algunas implicaciones de políticas para los países serían: aplicación programas para un consumomás sostenible; implementación de tecnología destinada a la transformación de plásticos; y ejecuciónde procesos modernos amigables con el medio ambiente para evitar altos niveles de contaminación.

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2021-12-06

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ARTÍCULOS DE INVESTIGACIÓN