Efecto de la inversión extranjera directa en el consumo de energía renovable para 18 países de América Latina


  • Edwin Jiménez Carrera de Economía, Universidad Nacional de Loja, Loja, Ecuador
  • Jessica Guamán Carrera de Economía, Universidad Nacional de Loja, Loja, Ecuador




La presente investigación evalúa la relación entre la inversión extranjera directa y consumo de energía renovable en 18 países de América Latina durante el periodo de 1990-2015. Se aplicó un modelo econométrico de Mínimos Cuadrados Generalizados (GLS) con datos panel, una prueba de Westerlum (2007) para determinar si existe cointegración en el largo plazo, y también una prueba de Granger (1969) para establecer causalidad entre las variables. Los principales resultados, demuestran que la Inversión Extranjera Directa (IED) tiene un efecto positivo en el consumo de energía renovable a nivel de América Latina, Países de Ingresos Medios Altos (PIMA) y Países de Ingresos Medios Bajos (PIMB). Sin embargo, los Países de Ingresos Altos (PIA) tienen un efecto negativo y estadísticamente no significativo. Las pruebas de cointegración de Westerlund (2007), demostraron la existencia de vectores de cointegración en el largo plazo entre la inversión extranjera directa y el consumo de energía renovable. Las pruebas de causalidad de Dumitrescu-Hurlin demostraron que existe causalidad bidireccional para los 18 países de América Latina y PIA. Las implicaciones deben estar orientadas al tema de los impuestos sobre la IED para atraer empresas internacionales a países donde es casi nula para lograr aumentar el consumo de energía renovable.


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Cómo citar

Jiménez, E. ., & Guamán, J. . (2022). Efecto de la inversión extranjera directa en el consumo de energía renovable para 18 países de América Latina. Revista Económica, 10(1), 110–116. https://doi.org/10.54753/rve.v10i1.1297