Urbanización y desigualdad de ingresos a nivel global enfoque con datos de panel

Autores/as

  • Jesús Godoy-Jaramillo Universidad Nacional de Loja
  • Danny Granda Universidad Nacional de Loja

Palabras clave:

Urbanización, Desigualdad, Datos de panel, Estimación

Resumen

El presente trabajo examina la relación entre la urbanización y la desigualdad, medida porel coeciente de Gini a nivel mundial, en los años de 1980 a 2015. Utilizamos datos delWorld Development Indicator del Banco Mundial y la base inequaliti database. A travésdel uso de una metodología de datos de panel, se busca demostrar que el crecimiento dela urbanización genera más desigualdad de ingresos a nivel mundial. Estimamos la relaciónen un contexto mundial de grandes cambios, y de intensos debates políticos donde la ideologíapolítica en diversas concepciones ha generado políticas distintas entre países. Losresultados muestran la existencia de relación de corto plazo entre las variables de análisisy las pruebas de causalidad de Granger indican que la urbanización causa a la desigualdadde ingresos en estos países unidireccionalmente.

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Publicado

2021-03-18